WHAT IS HYSTEROSCOPY?
Hysteroscopy is a diagnostic procedure that allows direct visualization of the cervical canal and the uterine cavity. It involves inserting a thin, flexible tube with a light called hysteroscopy in the uterus and a means of strain to separate the walls of the same.
Hysteroscopy can be used both for diagnostic purposes and therapeutic. The hysteroscopy allows easy visual access to the interior of the cervix and the uterus, to evaluate the lining of these structures. During the procedure of hysteroscopy can be performed maneuvers therapeutic, such as taking a sample of tissue (biopsy), remove polyps or fibroids, or prevent bleeding with cautery (destruction of tissue by means of electric current, freezing, heat, or chemicals).
Hysteroscopy is a procedure to examine the inside of the uterus (womb), and can last from 15 minutes to 1 hour, depending on what you do.
WHY PERFORM THIS PROCEDURE?
This procedure can be performed for:
- Treat heavy or irregular periods.
- Blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy.
- Diagnose abnormal structure of the uterus.
- Diagnose the thickening of the lining of the uterus.
- Find and remove abnormal growths, such as polyps or fibroids.
- Find the cause of repeated miscarriages, or to remove tissue after a pregnancy loss.
- To remove an intrauterine device (IUD).
- Remove scar tissue from the uterus.
- Take a sample of tissue (biopsy) of the cervix or the uterus.
WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF THIS PROCEDURE?
- Hole (perforation) in the wall of the uterus.
- Infection in the uterus.
- Scarring of the lining of the womb.
- Damage to the cervix.
- Need of a surgery to repair the damage.
- Unusual absorption of fluids during the procedure, that can cause low sodium levels.
- Severe bleeding.
- Damage to the intestines.